Pompom Goldfish Care Guide: Simple Tips for Happy Fish

Pompom goldfish are unique and captivating aquatic pets that can add a touch of whimsy to your home aquarium. With their fluffy-looking, round bodies and distinctive nasal outgrowths, these charming creatures are known for their docile temperament and leisurely swimming habits.

As a pompom goldfish enthusiast, it’s essential to understand the specific needs and care requirements for these enchanting fish. This guide will help you ensure your new finned friends enjoy a comfortable, healthy environment tailored to their unique characteristics.

So, let’s dive in and learn how you can create the perfect habitat for your pompom goldfish, allowing them to thrive and bring joy to your underwater world.

Species Overview

The Pompom Goldfish is a unique and fancy goldfish, easily recognized by the fleshy pom-pom-like growths on its head. These fish are beautiful and can make a great addition to your aquarium. However, they require a bit of special care and attention to thrive.

Property Information
Scientific Name Carassius auratus
Common Names Pompom Goldfish, Pom Pom Goldfish, Hana fusa
Distribution Selective breeding, not found in the wild
Size Up to 6 inches
Lifespan 10 to 15 years
Diet Omnivore
Temperament Peaceful
Minimum Tank Size 20-30 gallons per fish
Temperature 65-72°F (18-22°C)
pH 6.5-7.5
Water Hardness 5-19 dGH
Care Level Moderate
Filtration/Water Flow Moderate, gentle flow
Water Type Freshwater
Breeding Egg-layer
Breeding Difficulty Challenging, due to fleshy pom-poms
Compatibility Compatible with other peaceful, non-aggressive fish

Origins and Natural Habitat

All goldfish varieties, including the Pompom Goldfish, share the same scientific name – Carassius auratus. They’re related to the common Prussian carp, which were initially bred as food fish in China back in the 1700s. The Pompom Goldfish is thought to have originated in the cold waters of East Asia, specifically China, where it was first bred through selective breeding practices to produce fish with round, fluffy-looking bodies.

Your Pompom Goldfish comes by its name due to the fleshy, decorative growths on its forehead. In the wild, these lovely fish frolic in slow-moving, freshwater environments like ponds, lakes, and rivers. The natural habitat features lush aquatic plants and a muddy substrate that meets the needs of Pompom Goldfish. These environments provide shelter and ample opportunities for them to forage for food.

When setting up an aquarium for your Pompom Goldfish, it’s essential to mimic their natural habitat conditions. A spacious tank, coupled with calm water and plenty of aquatic plants, will ensure your fish thrive in its new home. Remember to keep the water temperature between 65-72°F (18-22°C) and provide a gentle water flow in your tank, to create a suitable environment for your new finny friend.

Physical Characteristics

Size and Shape

Pompom Goldfish have a round, egg-shaped body and a double anal fin, similar to Lionhead Goldfish. They typically grow up to 6 inches in length. It’s essential to provide them with adequate space to swim leisurely and comfortably, as they are docile creatures.

Color and Markings

Your Pompom Goldfish can display a wide range of colors, including silver, orange, yellow, black, and white. They may have either nacreous or metallic scalation, adding to their beauty. One of their most notable features is the brightly colored bulbs (pom-poms) protruding on either side of their nose, making them easily recognizable. Remember to appreciate these unique features while caring for your Pompom Goldfish, but also be mindful of potential risks, such as their pom-poms getting caught on tank decorations.

Lifespan and Growth Rate

Pompom Goldfish, just like most other goldfish types, can have a life expectancy of 10 to 15 years when provided with proper care. In your home aquarium, keeping them healthy and happy will ensure they reach their maximum lifespan.

Your new Pompom Goldfish’s growth rate largely depends on factors such as tank size, water quality, and diet. Make sure you maintain an appropriate tank size of at least 20-30 gallons, with a recommended fish-to-tank ratio of one inch of fish per one gallon of water. This extra space will enable them to grow and thrive.

Maintaining optimal water temperature is also crucial. Pompom Goldfish do best in water temperatures between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. They require a heater to maintain the temperature within this range consistently.

As for your goldfish’s diet, it’s essential to provide high-quality, nutritious food. Goldfish are omnivorous, so a mix of both plant-based food and protein sources like brine shrimp or bloodworms will ensure they get the proper nutrients for growth.

Keep in mind that caring for your Pompom Goldfish becomes easier when you adhere to these guidelines, resulting in a healthy, long-lived, and flourishing fish friend.

Diet and Feeding

Feeding your Pompom Goldfish a balanced and varied diet is important for their health and well-being. These slow-moving goldfish aren’t aggressive, so make sure they don’t have to compete for food with faster swimming tank mates.

You can provide a staple diet of high-quality goldfish pellets or flakes specifically designed for goldfish. Feed them about two to three times a day, giving only as much food as they can consume within a couple of minutes. Overfeeding can lead to poor water quality and health issues, so be cautious about portion sizes.

To enhance their diet, consider offering live or frozen foods like brine shrimp, daphnia, or bloodworms occasionally, but only once or twice a week. These foods can aid in maintaining a healthy immune system and improve their coloration.

Plant matter is another vital component of their diet. Providing fresh vegetables, like spinach, lettuce, and peas, can satisfy their need for greens. Remember to blanch and chop the veggies to soften them and make consumption easier.

Lastly, maintaining a clean aquarium is crucial to avoid food waste accumulation. Stick to a regular maintenance schedule and monitor water parameters to ensure optimal conditions for your Pompom Goldfish’s dietary needs.

Behavior and Temperament

Pompom Goldfish are known for their incredibly docile nature. As a result, they tend to thrive in environments that allow them to swim around at a leisurely pace, without feeling rushed or anxious. Make sure to keep in mind that these goldfish don’t fare well with more aggressive or faster-swimming fish, as it may lead to competition for food, affecting their health and happiness.

In order to provide the best environment for your Pompom Goldfish, consider selecting tankmates that share a similar temperament and swimming speed. Remember that creating a calm and stress-free environment is essential for the well-being of your aquatic pets.

While planning your aquarium’s setup, be mindful of the fact that Pompom Goldfish enjoy exploring and swimming around the tank. Provide them with sufficient space and suitable hiding spots, such as plants and decorations, which will add to their comfort and security.

In summary, paying attention to your Pompom Goldfish’s behavior and temperament can greatly increase the quality of their life in your aquarium. By keeping their habitat stress-free and tailoring it to their needs, you will be able to create a wonderful home for these unique and lovely fish.

Care and Tank Requirements

Tank Size

To keep your Pompom Goldfish comfortable, you’ll need a minimum tank size of 20-30 gallons. If you plan to add more fish, remember the general rule: 1 inch of fish per 1 gallon of water. A long, rectangular tank shape will give them plenty of space to swim around.

Water Parameters (Temperature and pH)

Your Pompom Goldfish will thrive in a water temperature range of 65-75°F (18-24°C). Installing a heater in the tank ensures the right temperature. Additionally, maintain a stable pH between 6.0 and 8.0 for your goldfish’s well-being.

Tank Setup and Decorations

Decorate your tank thoughtfully with these aspects in mind:

  • Consider using a gentle substrate like sand to avoid damaging their delicate fins.
  • Add live or soft artificial plants for hiding spots and a natural feel.
  • Provide sufficient open space for swimming.
  • Choose decorations without sharp edges that could injure your goldfish.

Filtration and Aeration

A clean environment is crucial to your goldfish’s health. Follow these tips:

  • Equip your tank with a high-quality filter that can handle your tank’s size.
  • Regularly clean the tank and perform partial water changes every 1-2 weeks.
  • Aerate the water by incorporating a bubble wand or air stone to supply adequate oxygen for them.

By following these guidelines, you’ll ensure that your Pompom Goldfish has a comfortable, safe environment to thrive in.

Suitable Tank Mates

When pairing your Pompom Goldfish with other aquatic friends, it’s essential to choose and combine them wisely for a harmonious coexistence. Here’s a friendly list of suitable tank mates to consider for your Pompom Goldfish:

  • Newts
  • Corydoras Catfish
  • White Cloud Mountain Minnows
  • Bristlenose Plecos
  • Other Fancy Goldfish

As a loving Pompom Goldfish caretaker, you should make sure that the tank mates you introduce are non-aggressive and have similar temperature and water requirements. It’s also wise to avoid pairing your Pompom Goldfish with fast swimmers or fin nippers, as these can cause stress and injuries.

Remember to provide ample hiding spots within your tank to give your diverse species spaces to rest and avoid overcrowding. By following these friendly guidelines, you’ll create a thriving and peaceful aquarium environment for your beloved Pompom Goldfish and its aquatic companions.

Breeding Process

When breeding Pompom Goldfish, start by setting up a separate breeding tank that is 20 to 30 gallons in size. This will give your goldfish pairs enough space and reduce stress. Ensure the tank has proper water quality by maintaining a pH level of 7.0 to 8.0 and a temperature range of 68 to 74 degrees Fahrenheit.

Introduce the breeding pairs into the tank and provide them with a nutritious diet to encourage spawning. You may notice your goldfish engaging in chasing behavior, which is a sign that they are ready to mate. The Pompom Goldfish spawn by releasing eggs and sperm into the water, where fertilization occurs.

To increase the likelihood of successful reproduction, add some aquatic plants or a spawning mop to your breeding tank. These will provide surfaces for the eggs to attach to and offer protection from being eaten by adult fish. Once the eggs are laid, it’s important to remove the adults from the breeding tank, as they may consume the eggs.

The eggs will typically hatch within 4 to 7 days, depending on the temperature of the water. After they hatch, provide the fry with appropriate food such as infusoria or finely crushed flakes. Remember to monitor water quality and perform regular water changes to ensure your Pompom Goldfish fry grow up healthily.

Common Diseases and Treatments

As a Pompom Goldfish owner, you’ll want to be aware of some common diseases affecting these friendly and slow-moving fish. Ichthyophthirius multifiliis (White spot disease) can be a concern, causing small white spots on your goldfish’s skin. To treat this, replace 75% of the water, apply water treatments like Aquarisol and a tablespoon of salt per 10 gallons, and raise the water temperature to 68-74°F for a few days.

Another potential issue is Trichodina, a parasite that affects goldfish. Strict quarantine protocols are the best way to prevent parasites like these. If your goldfish has Trichodina, seek veterinary advice for the most appropriate treatment.

Learnea spp. (Anchor worms) and Argulus spp. (Fish lice) are also common goldfish parasites. Maintain proper water quality and cleanliness to prevent these pests. In case of infection, store-bought treatments can be effective, though be sure to follow the instructions carefully.

Lastly, Neurofibroma, a tumor-like growth, can cause localized skin and fin lumps. To address this issue, try antibiotics such as minocycline or kanamycin, and add some aquarium or plain Epsom salt to the water.

Being aware of these diseases and their treatments will help you ensure that your Pompom Goldfish remains healthy and happy.


Caring for your Pompom Goldfish can be a delightful and rewarding experience. They are unique, beautiful creatures that add a touch of charm to your aquarium. With proper care, attention to water quality, and a balanced diet, your Pompom Goldfish can thrive and grow 4 to 6 inches long on average.

Remember, creating a comfortable environment for your fish is crucial to their well-being. Keep a close eye on their needs, and remember that a happy and healthy Pompom Goldfish will brighten up your home for years to come. Enjoy your time with these fascinating little fish, and cherish the captivating memories they bring to your aquarium.